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Content:: Operating Systems

Operating Systems
Last Modified: 2010-11-05
An Operating System is the software that communicates with the computers hardware usually complete with a user interface, ability to install programs, etc.

Table of Contents
A free Operating System based on GNUexternal link to another website free Open Sourceexternal link to another website Software. There are many "flavors of Linux" also called "Linux Operating Systems" and distributions which are based on the Linux Kernel and contain a variety of open source software. Each "flavor" has its own maintainers, own packagers and own specialties. Ubuntuexternal link to another website is a popular easy to setup distribution utilizing the Linux Kernel. Ubuntu is based on the Debianexternal link to another website distribution.
There are many Operating Systems based on the Linux Kernel Red Hatexternal link to another website and Suseexternal link to another website which have support agreements. You can of course obtain a "free" version of Open Suseexternal link to another website which only comes with open source software or Fedoraexternal link to another website which is the free unsupported spin of Red Hat. Slackwareexternal link to another website Linux was one of the first Linux distributions I ever used. Gentooexternal link to another website has also been quite a bit of fun to play with and I still think of it as the "hackers" distribution (as in old school hacker, meaning its great for folks who like to compile their own software).
As of late Debianexternal link to another website is my distribution of choice. It is easy to set up, simple to get most of the packages via the apt system yet still easy enough to compile the software I want modified or patched to my standards. Most of the tutorials I will be posting will be related to the Debian distribution.
I don't know if Microsoft Windows needs any introduction. Microsoft has become an industry leader in desktop computing software which is simple and easy to use. The majority of business workstation environments in the United States use the Microsoft Windows Operating System. Microsoft has played a large factor in the push of micro computers being available for the average home user and is the name brand most people have in their homes.
As we all know the command line interface came before the Graphical User Interface (GUI), Microsoft is now known for its advancements with the users ability to interact with the simple to use GUI operating system. Though we don't have to memorize command line syntax to handle most tasks in Windows I'll try to go over most of the DOS commands which are still useful these days and post some tutorials on some of the GUI's configurations I can never keep track of. Though most educational institutions no longer give courses for the DOS operating system many aspects can help us understand, maintain and repair our "Windows Environments".
Microsoft has gone through many versions of their operating system currently Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 2003 Server and Windows Server 2008 are used in business today. I bet some businesses still use older versions of Windows like Windows 2000 server and workstation but we won't get into those here, nor will we get into the fine tunings of DOS 6.22 though I may reference aspects of it for fun!
The Macintosh Operating System "Mac OS X" is a unix like Operating System with a Graphical from end. Mac OS X is based on Darwin an open source POSIX-compliant system developed by apple based on NeXTSTEP, BSD and other free software projects.